The National Tuberculosis Programme in Nepal (NTP) was established in1965 as a government programme under the Ministry of Health, and it is responsible for administering and coordinating the entire tuberculosis programme in the country.
The programme is administered from the National TB Centre (NTC) in the capital of Kathmandu, but there are also tuberculosis managers in all the regions and districts. NTC has had a cooperation agreement with The Global Fund to Fight Aids Tuberculosis and Malaria, as well as several national organisations, for a long time now.
The tuberculosis programme has become a well-functioning and national programme that ensures free treatment of tuberculosis at more than 4000 health institutions in the country. In addition, there is an extensive network of laboratories.
Pradip, who has multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, lives in the capital of Kathmandu. He is responsible for his family: his wife Kristna and their little son Caila.
The work in Nepal has shown good results, and more than 90 per cent of tuberculosis sufferers complete their treatment and get well. In spite of this, many of the patients have resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB). After the tuberculosis programme in 2005 was expanded to include DR-TB, more than 1500 patients have been treated. This treatment is decentralised and is offered from 84 health centres.
NTC will continue to develop cooperation with other actors, including the National AIDS Centre, as well as medical colleges and private medicine sales outlets. Public education and reducing the stigmatisation of tuberculosis sufferers are also a priority.